African Pilgrim Donates Quran in Maghrebi Script to Imam Reza Shrine

10:41 - April 13, 2024
News ID: 3487913
IQNA – A Nigerian pilgrim and student has gifted a handwritten copy of the Holy Quran in Maghrebi script to the Central Library of Imam Reza (AS) shrine.

African Pilgrim Donates Quran in Maghrebi Script to Imam Reza Shrine


Abdullah Ahmadzengo made the offering this month, the official press service of Imam Reza (AS) shrine reported on Tuesday.

The Maghrebi script, also known as Maghribi, is a family of Arabic scripts that originated in the Maghreb region of North Africa, as well as in al-Andalus (Iberia) and Bilad as-Sudan (the West African Sahel). It is a direct descendant of the Kufic script and is characterized by its rounded letter forms, extended horizontal features, and final open curves below the baseline.

Hossein Khabazian, a specialist in manuscripts at the library, said the donated Quran is a modern handwritten work, composed in Arabic without translation, spanning 440 pages, each measuring 18.25x8 cm and arranged in 14 lines.

Khabazian noted the manuscript's distinctive features: it's inscribed in black ink, and each verse is separated by triple circles colored in vermilion. Unlike other versions, this one lacks decorative elements at the start of each surah but includes the name of the Surah, indications of whether the surah is Makki or Madani, and the verse count.

Read More:

This manuscript represents the second Maghrebi-script Quran in the Central Library's collection, with the first, a 10th-century AH artifact, having been donated in 2014, he added. 

Maghrebi script is traditionally written with a pointed tip, producing a line of even thickness. It also has unique notations for certain letters, such as faa' and qoph, which differ from the Mashreqi scripts commonly used in the Eastern Islamic world. This script was used for centuries to write Arabic manuscripts and record literature in Classical Arabic, Maghrebi Arabic, or Amazigh languages.

It's a script with a rich history and has been an important part of Islamic art and calligraphy, particularly in the regions it developed and spread.