Hajj: A Multidimensional Pilgrimage That Promotes Muslim Unity

6:37 - June 25, 2023
News ID: 3484037
TEHRAN (IQNA) – Hajj is not just a religious obligation but also a powerful symbol of unity and solidarity with millions of Muslims from all over the world who come together to perform the same rituals.


Hajj is the pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest city in Islam, that every Muslim must make at least once in their lifetime if they are physically and financially able to do so. Hajj is not only a religious duty but also a symbolic act of unity with Muslims worldwide.

This sense of unity can be discussed in three different realms:


Hajj is a spiritual journey that unites the Muslim community with their Creator and the history of their faith. The pilgrims partake in a series of rituals that mirror the lives of illustrious prophets, such as Ibrahim and his son Ismail, who are esteemed by Muslims as Prophet Muhammad's (PBUH) ancestors. The most significant act of worship is the circumambulation of the Kaaba, a black cube-shaped structure at the center of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, where Ibrahim and Ismail constructed a sanctuary for God. Additionally, the pilgrims retrace the footsteps of Hajar, Ismail's mother, as she sought water for her parched son in the hills of Safa and Marwa until God bestowed her with the miraculous Zamzam spring. The culmination of the Hajj takes place on the plains of Arafat, where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) delivered his last sermon to his people before his demise.

The Hajj is an embodiment of the Muslim creed, reflecting their beliefs, values, and principles. It exemplifies the fundamentals of Islam such as monotheism, submission, equity, and harmony. The pilgrims announce their devotion to God and their rejection of all forms of idolatry and polytheism by reciting the Talbiyah, a prayer that proclaims their servitude to Allah.

The pilgrims also demonstrate their obedience and surrender to God by performing the rites that symbolize their submission to His will. They stand on the plains of Arafat, pleading for His forgiveness and mercy. The pilgrims show their gratitude to Allah by sacrificing an animal, following the example of Ibrahim, who demonstrated his unwavering faith by offering his son Ismail as a sacrifice. The pilgrims then distribute the meat to the impoverished, demonstrating their commitment to justice and equality.

By reciting the Talbiyah, pilgrims express their loyalty to God and their rejection of any form of idolatry or polytheism. They also acknowledge that God is the source of all blessings and power and that He alone deserves worship and obedience.

Hajj is a sacred pilgrimage that ignites a spiritual connection between Muslims. It serves as a potent reminder of their shared faith in God and His prophets, and their quest to seek His utmost pleasure and forgiveness. The journey to Mecca deepens their relationship with the divine, heightening their awareness of His ever-present mercy and benevolence.


Hajj is not just a physical journey to Mecca but a profound moral expedition for Muslims. It is a time when pilgrims make a conscious effort to purify their souls and refine their character by observing certain rules and regulations. These guidelines aim to help them avoid any distractions or temptations that may harm their relationship with God or with others. They are called to abstain from sexual intercourse, wearing perfume or makeup, hunting or harming animals, and arguing or fighting among others. By practicing these prohibitions, pilgrims can focus on their spiritual goals and seek enlightenment.

Hajj also instills in pilgrims a sense of humility and equality before God. During this time, all differences in wealth, status, race, or nationality are erased as pilgrims wear simple white garments. They stand shoulder to shoulder in prayer, walk together in procession, share food and water, help each other in difficulty, and greet each other with peace. They understand that they are all servants of God who depend on Him for everything. They also realize that they are all brothers and sisters who belong to one human family.

Hajj thus unites Muslims morally by teaching them how to live according to God's commands and how to treat each other with respect and compassion. It inspires them to reflect on their actions and to strive for excellence in their personal and social lives.


Hajj is also a social journey that brings together Muslims from all corners of the world. This annual gathering of millions of pilgrims is like a beautiful tapestry woven from different threads of cultures, languages, and backgrounds. Through Hajj, Muslims experience a sense of belonging to a global community, the Ummah, which transcends geographical boundaries and cultural differences. Hajj is a unique opportunity for Muslims to meet, interact, learn, and cooperate. Hajj also fosters a sense of solidarity and brotherhood among Muslims, as they share their joys and sorrows, their hopes and fears, and their experiences and aspirations.

As pilgrims gather in Mecca, they are reminded of the diversity and richness of the Islamic civilization and the challenges that face the Ummah in the modern world. Hajj encourages Muslims to look beyond their interests and contribute to the greater good of humanity, promoting peace, justice, and compassion.

Hajj is a journey of many dimensions that can weave the threads of Muslim unity in various ways. Hajj unites Muslims spiritually by reviving their faith in God and His messengers, and by deepening their bond with God. The ritual weaves Muslims morally by teaching them about ethics and values, and by cultivating in them a sense of modesty and brotherhood. Hajj unites Muslims socially by linking them with each other and with the Ummah, and by motivating them to contribute to the progress and prosperity of the Ummah. The major pilgrimage is therefore a potent tool for creating Muslim unity and identity in a world that is often fractured and hostile.