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Bayani Kan Tafsiri Da Malaman Tafsiri  (9)

"Makhzn al-Irfan", tafsirin Alqur'ani mai girma na farko kuma na mace daya tilo

18:34 - November 28, 2022
Lambar Labari: 3488249
Marubucin "Makhzn al-Irfan" mace ce da ta samu digiri na farko a fannin ilimin fikihu kuma a karon farko ta bar wata cikakkiyar tafsirin Alkur'ani da wata mata ta yi.

Bayanan tarihi sun nuna yadda aka gudanar da tarukan tafsiri na musamman ga mata a farkon karni na Musulunci, amma idan muka yi bitar jerin sunayen mashahuran malaman tafsiri na karni goma sha hudu da suka gabata, mace daya tilo da ta yi sha'awar rubuta cikakken tafsirin Alkur'ani ita ce Sayyidah. Nusrat Amin malamar tafsirin Isfahan na daya daga cikin garuruwan kasar Iran. Tafsirin "Makhzn al-Irfan" na Bano Amin an rubuta shi a cikin juzu'i goma sha biyar cikin harshen Farisa.

Game da marubucin

Seyyedah Nusrat Amin Begum Isfahani, wadda aka fi sani da Bano Amin (1308-1403 QM) (1890-1982 AD), ta sami digiri na Ijtihadi (digiri mafi girma na ilimi a fikihu Musulunci). Matsayin Bano Amin a kimiyyance ya sa Ayatullah Sayyid Shahabuddin Marashi Najafi da Allameh Amini suka sami izinin yin ruwaya daga gare ta.

Daga cikin ayyukan wannan uwargida mujtahidi akwai horar da dalibai, da kafa makarantar ‘yan uwa a birnin Isfahan, da kafa makarantar sakandaren ‘yan mata da rubuta littafai da dama kan batutuwa daban-daban.

Siffofin Tafkin Al-Irfan

Tafsirin Makhzan al-Irfan na daya daga cikin tafsirin Alkur'ani mai girma, wanda yake fassara ayoyin da sigar ma'ana da nazari. Babban hanyar wannan fassarar ita ce ta ɗabi'a da ta ruhaniya.

Hanyar bayyana mas’alolin a cikin wannan tafsiri ita ce, marubucin ya fara kawo fassarar rukuni na ayoyi, sannan ya shiga tafsirin ya yi bayanin saqon Alkur’ani da magana mai sauki da fahimta. Marubucin wani lokaci yana nufin maganar Mulla Sadra da wasu masana falsafa da sufaye.

Marubuciyar ta yi rubutu game da dalilin rubuta wannan sharhi da yadda aka rubuta: “Na kasance tsakanin tsoro da bege na dan lokaci, har sai da na fara fassara ayoyin a zahiri kuma na yi kokarin yin bayanin wasu ayoyin kotuna (babu shakka).

Da take bayyana matsayin Allah na mutum a gaban Ubangiji, ta ce: “Suka tambayi ɗaya daga cikin sufaye, me ka san Allah da shi? ta ce na gane cewa a duk lokacin da na yi nufin yin zunubi, nakan tuna da girman Allah kuma in daina yin zunubi.

Mujtaheda Amin ta yi amfani da tafsirin Shi'a da Sunna a cikin tafsirinsa kuma ta ambaci maganarsu. Daga cikin tafsirin da ta yi amfani da su, muna iya ambaton Tafsirin Mulla Sadra, Majma Al Bayan, Tafsirin Qomi, Ruz al-Jinnan da Ruh al-jinan, Tafsir Eyashi, Kashf al-Asrar, Manhaj al-Sadiqin, Al-Mizan, Al- Barhan, Jawahar al-Tafsir, Tafsir.

Abubuwan Da Ya Shafa: zunubi ، nufin ، matsayi ، yambayi ، tafsiri
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