Surah An-Nur is the 24th chapter of the Quran. It is Makki and has 64 verses. It is the 103rd chapter revealed to the Holy Prophet (PBUH).
The Surah is called An-Nur because the word Nur (light) has been repeated in it seven times and it also has a verse known as An-Nur Verse. Many Quran interpreters have referred to this verse, namely verse 35, to come to an understanding of what the Quran says about God because it offers one of the most beautiful descriptions of God:
“Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth; a likeness of His light is as a niche in which is a lamp, the lamp is in a glass, (and) the glass is as it were a brightly shining star, lit from a blessed olive-tree, neither eastern nor western, the oil whereof almost gives light though fire touch it not-- light upon light-- Allah guides to His light whom He pleases, and Allah sets forth parables for men, and Allah is Cognizant of all things.”
The Surah also talks about rules regarding social and family relations. Verses 2 to 8 of the Surah are considered to be among Ayat al-Ahkam (juristic verses).
Citing these verses, some interpreters have concluded that accompanying the leader of the society in resolving problems is a sign of faith and abandoning this is a sign of Nifaq (hypocrisy) or weakness of faith. Among other points deduced from these verses are the prohibition of self-centeredness, especially in issues that require cooperation and consensus, the importance of having a leader in society, the importance of obeying the leader as a sign of faith, and the necessity to respect social order.
The Surah also discusses the relations between men and women, and the issue of fornication and its punishment, as well as rules about Hijab.
Marriage, conditions for marriage and family rules are among other subjects mentioned in Surah An-Nur.